Ethiopia was the home for most of ancient kingdom in Africa. It is the sole African country to possess an alphabet more than 2000 years old.
Its name is derived from the Greek Aithiopia, which means the Land of the burnt faces.
In antiquity, this name referred to the territories south of the empire of the pharaohs. It was also known in Europe as Abyssinia, a term coming from the Arabic Habashat, which referred to one of the tribes south of Arabia that immigrated to Ethiopia at the beginning of its History.
Due to all the ancient facts, Ethiopia is very rich in Historical attractions and to mention some of them Axum was the capital of one of the most important and glorious Empires of the ancient world dating back to 1st century A.D. Once the seat of the Queen of Sheba, this ancient capital is the site of the famous stelae.
Lalibella is famous for its 11 Rock- Hewn churches built in the 12th century. These churches are hewn out of a living rock. Of all the churches, Bete Giorgis is famous for its architectural perfection.
Axum, Lalibella and Gondar are world Heritage sites. Bahir Dar is located in the southern shores of Lake Tana, the largest lake with an aerial coverage of 3,600sq.Kms.There are 37 Islands housing 20 churches and monasteries. Ura Kidanemihret and Azwa Mariam are famous for their paintings which are opened for both Men and Women to visit. They are easily accessed by boat and considered as the historic route.
Harar undoubtedly belongs to a very old era of civilization and considered as part of the “Muslim Ethiopia”. It is located 525 Km East of Addis Abeba lies the ancient walled city of Harar with its five gates. Known for its handicrafts, basketry and colorful markets, Harar is also famous for its being a symbol and legacy of peaceful co-existence of different religions and this makes Harar to be registered by UNESCO as a world heritage site.