What distinguishes Ethiopia is without doubt the absence of homogeneity in its characteristics .Ethiopia is one of the most physically and biologically diverse countries in the world. Out of 861 species of birds 16 are found only in Ethiopia. Of 277 species of mammals, 31 are endemic.
Most of the Ethiopian natural beauty can be experienced in the countries national parks and sanctuaries. There are 15 national parks and 8 sanctuaries each one is unique and special in its way. There are also some controlled and open hunting areas for those with special interest.
To mention some of the National parks and Sanctuaries: Abiata- Shalla Lakes National park , Awash National park , Bale Mountains National Park , Semien Mountains National park , Omo National Park , Maze National Park , Babile Elephant Sanctuary , Senkele Swayne’s hartebeest sanctuary and Chebera-Churchura National Park .
Dallol depression is one of the earth’s hottest regions with many points at less than 120 meters below sea level. Dallol is a lunar type landscape, while Erta Ale is the Lake of Volcano.
The northern part of the rift valley forms a great triangular basin between the Danakil Desert and the Afar plain. There are hills with staggered faces rise above deep valley and volcanic peaks can reach up to 2500m.Temperature sometimes rise to 50 centigrade .Depression run as deep as 125m below sea level where only the most specialized beings can survive. In this inhospitable region the Afar people live surviving as nomads in the face of extremely hostile surroundings.
This monotonous lunar landscape features monochromatic saltwater lakes (such as the As ale and the Afrera), black lava formations in Erta Ale, smoking volcanic cones always in eruption, fountains of boiling water and geysers. Episodes of telluric movements enliven this region making the Danakil the most torrid place on earth according to many naturalists.